Physiotherapists treat a range of physical problems resulting from illness, injury, disability or ageing. These problems are treated with manual therapy, movement, exercise and the application of technological equipment, eg ultrasound.Physiotherapists treat people of all ages and assist the rehabilitation process by developing and restoring the function of the body, enabling patients to improve their mobility. They will also offer advice on how to prevent further physical damage.Physical therapy involves the interaction between physical therapist, patients/clients, other health care professionals, families, care givers, and communities in a process where movement potential is assessed and diagnosed, goals are agreed upon, using knowledge and skills unique to physical therapists. Physical therapy is performed by a physical therapist (PT) or physiotherapist (physio), and sometimes services are provided by a physical therapist assistant (PTA) acting under their direction. PTs are healthcare professionals who diagnose and treat individuals of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have medical problems or other health-related conditions, illnesses, or injuries that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities as well as they would like in their daily lives.
Opportunities exist to specialise within a specific field, such as: sports medicine; paediatrics; with accident or stroke victims.The opportunity to specialise also exists within the private sector, for example it may be possible to set up a sports injury clinic. Building up experience in the field may lead to lecturing on physiotherapy or sports-related courses, research work or practising abroad. You could move into health service management and get involved with purchasing health services and managing rehabilitation services.